Thomas, as a theologian first, made his life's most important work the Summa Theologiae. This lecture series is going to, more or less, follow that work's pattern and flow. To Thomas, there were only three things that were important philosophy, theology, and the scriptures. His primary goal in writing the Summa is theological education without a loss of logical integrity. As such Thomas starts off the Summa focusing on God as the origin of everything, then moves on to the creation, mankind. He focuses on mankind's uniqueness in free will and reason, and mankind's ultimate goal to be reunited (to use Bonhoeffer's terminology) in God's goodness. I like Prof Kreeft's analogy (I'm not sure if he takes it from the Summa or if it's his own envisioning of the text) of the whole of creation being like a circulatory system with God at the heart and His love as the blood that God pushes out through the body, but then it returns from mankind loving God back.
So, the first question to deal with is the relationship between faith, the source for theology and reason, the source for philosophy. Thomas sees it as a marriage, a combination of two great sources of knowledge. Philosophy is based on human reason alone, though there is a branch of theology that relies on human reason, it's called philosophical theology, or natural theology. Thomas' five ways to prove God's existence fall into this category, it seems to me that apologetics fits this description as well. There are still parts of theology that are founded on faith, though that's not to say they're irrational beliefs, rather that the point of theology in general is the understanding of God's Word and the Church's interpretation of it throughout history. Thomas uses both types of theology in his masterwork but there's a distinction between them.
The structure of his work is five parts:
First a question with only two possible answers
Then the opposition's answer summarized fairly, strongly, clearly, and succinctly
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